Charles Martin Reid - HackRF/June 2016

From charlesreid1

Notes from June 2016 - getting the HackRF up and operational, in preparation for a ham shack, antenna, and Defcon.

I was running a MacBook Pro, OS X 10.11.4. The HackRF was running the 2014-08 firmware.

Installing everything

To get the HackRF working, you need to install GnuRadio - not a trivial task. A bit of advice:

  • Check that you will have the latest-and-greatest Gnuradio, 3.7.8. Even minor version numbers like 3.7.5 can cause other things to break.
  • Some operating systems only have the latest-and-greatest in the unstable/bleeding-edge repositories (like Debian - the stable branch installs Gnuradio 3.7.5 and breaks all your hackrf stuff, while the unstable Sid branch installs Gnuradio 3.7.8, and will probably break everything except your hackrf stuff.)
  • If you can abstract away the details, and avoid installing everything from source, by all means do it. Choose your operating system wisely.
  • HackRF folks recommend using Pentoo. Take the hint.

Instructions for using the HackRF via the Mac: HackRF/Mac

Instructions for using the HackRF via a VirtualBox (only if you have a beefy machine): HackRF/VirtualBox

Components

There were a few links I found useful. But first, an explanation of how different tools separate out and how they are organized.

Hardware

HackRF

The HackRF is the hardware we're using - it enables conversion of analog to digital signals. The creator is Michael Ossmann - no connection to Osmo, the Open Source Mobile project.

I'm using the HackRF version (?) with 2014-08 firmware

Zigbee

I'm also experimenting with Zigbee board. I have two Zigbee radio headers, and two breakout boards. Would like to be able to send/receive signals using 802.15 protocol (useful for sensor networks, used by Zigbee).

Here's a project implementing a Gnuradio flowchart for encoding and decoding 802.15 signals: http://wiesel.ece.utah.edu/media/documents/pdf/2010/03/25/thomas_project_report.pdf

Software

GnuRadio

Also see Gnuradio page

GnuRadio is the software - it implements digital signal processing and other signal analysis functions in software. (This replaces the radio.)

Osmo

Osmo - Open Source Mobile project - provides the Osmocom and Osmosdr software, which provide a bridge for signals passing between hardware and software. This provides the door through which signals on the HackRF enter and exit GnuRadio.

GnuRadio Companion

GnuRadio Companion is the drag-and-drop gui. This is not GnuRadio - GnuRadio is a library of signal processing functions, while GnuRadio Companion is a graphical interface that enables you to use it in one particular way.

Gqrx

Also see Gqrx page

Gqrx is also a software tool. It utilizes GnuRadio to provide a GUI interface for interacting with and modifying signals. Think of this as an alternative interface to the GnuRadio Companion, that uses the same powerful signal processing library under the hood.

Testing

The way you test the HackRF depends on the operating system and software you're using. But the basic "hello world" test is making sure you can receive a radio signal with the HackRF.

Testing Receiver

The HackRF has a high range, and can listen to signals in the Gigahertz (GHz) range. This means we can listen to wifi signals, and that in turn means that if we are in an area with wifi, we can test the HackRF to see if it is receiving signals.

HackRFWifiVideoShot.png

https://vimeo.com/169412313

HackRF/Testing

Project

Links

screen command, set baud rate, connect to firmware (e.g., zigbee or embedded router): http://www.cyberciti.biz/faq/unix-linux-apple-osx-bsd-screen-set-baud-rate/

wx to img: http://www.wxtoimg.com/

index of wlan channels: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_WLAN_channels

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