From charlesreid1

Pauls Security Podcast Wiki Notes

Q: What's the best ways to Arp cache poison?


Program called send_arp (, very simple example given below in which the ARP cache entry for the DNS server is poisoned.

    DNS Server:

./send_arp \ 00:1f:c6:7b:4e:a2 \ 00:0c:6e:20:6b:4e

In this example, is our DNS server, followed by its Mac address. is our victim, followed by its MAC address.

The above command sends the arp entry for to In my example, I am tell the client "Hey, your DNS server's MAC address is really 00:1f:c6:7b:4e:a2". This now means that all of that traffic will be forwarded to that mac address.

The target should be totally fooled. Check by firing up tcpdump on the attacker machine:

16:17:24.561166 IP > 3+ A? (28)
16:17:24.561179 IP > 3+ A? (28)

But wait! There's more! The client is not happy, let's found out why!

packet forwarding

From the perspective of the attacker, things are not going to go down smoothly. In the tcpdump traffic shown above, you can see requests going to our computer (since we poisoned the ARP table entry, everything will go to our hardware). But the traffic, when it arrives, is addressed to, which is the IP address the DNS server is supposed to have. But the attacker machine has an IP address of Layer 2 was set up properly, but Layer 3 wasn't.

DNS requests have been properly routed to our hardware on Level 2, but even if a DNS server were running, the traffic isn't addressed to us, so the network card will, by default, ignore the packets unless they're addressed to

To fix this, enable packet forwarding in the Linux kernel:

echo "1" > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward

By enabling packet forwarding, the Linux kernel will forward, unmodified, any packets it receives for any non- addresses. This way, your computer will receive all network traffic, but will pass it along as though nothing happened. This makes passive attacks that intercept traffic and sniff packets possible.

Manipulating DNS

If you want to modify the DNS traffic, there are multiple options (e.g.?)

Windows folks can use the program Cain and Abel to modify DNS entries as they go by. Cain and Abel does ARP poisoning of the routing layer, allowing you to rewrite responses to DNS queries and change DNS entries.


You can detect and mitigate attacks with a program like Arpwatch, or by using Snort to monitor the ARP table.

This can be a good way to control hosts on a network.